Investigating forms of presentation of the Artist’ Book.

The book on the table. /// The closed archives. /// The book in a box. /// The open archives. ///
The book on the shelves. /// The book underfoot. /// The book on the ground.
/// The book in an intimate space. /// The book as installation. /// The book in a working space. ///
The book as an object to walk around. /// The book as a concept for a space.

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research results # 02.





Emmi Martin (Collectie Rikhartinkatu Library, helsinki)Emmi Martin (Collectie Rikhartinkatu Library, helsinki)Emmi Martin (Collectie Rikhartinkatu Library, helsinki)

Emmi Martin (Collectie Rikhartinkatu Library, helsinki)

There are about 300 artists’ books in the collection, both Finnish and foreign pieces of art, both unique and copies of a limited edition. In addition to the artists’ books themselves, there are books and other information on artists' books.
www.lib.hel.fi/en-GB/rikhardinkatu/taiteilijakirjakokoelma/


List of the works in the exhibition

Albrecht, Kristoffer

Quelle (1987);
Four-color offset, accordion book. - Poems in original languages by Rabbe Enckell, Lassi Nummi, Carl Sandburg, Rainer Maria Rilke, Gunnar Björling, Bo Carpelan, Edith Södergran and Peter Sandelin. – Edition of 200 copies, of which this is ex. 51/200. Signed by the artist.

Bengtson, Niklas

Kirjahyrrä (Book Whirligig) (2005);
“Book Whirligig deals with and comment on characteristics of a book. Although a book is an object, it is not perceived as such on a philosophical level. A book is most often perceived as a conventional textual and/or imaginary content. In addition to pictures and text, a book has also other dimensions that are seldom brought out in discussing a book. Book Whirligig also exploits air or void, but it cannot be perceived as an airy immaterial object. Regardless of its small size it must be defined as an object.” (Niklas Bengtsson) – Unique piece of art.

Bergelt, Tatjana

Ab und zu möchte ich… (1997);
Accordion book. The covers have been painted on cardboard beer coasters. On the one side of the accordion book there is a hand-written text and on the other side four-coloured lithographs. - Numbered copy, No. 8/10. - Signed by the artists;
Tatjana Bergelt is an artist with german and russian origins, living and working in Helsinki, Finland;
www.tatjanabergelt.com

Bergelt, Tatjana

Elias in der Zahnenwelt (2000);
An accordion book which consists of old East German timecards which have been bound together On the book have been painted human shapes, and paper strips have been gummed on it with beeswax. The book has been closed inside a folded cellular board with a cotton string. - Unique copy. - Signed by the artists.

Bergelt, Tatjana

Siivetön;
Inside the fold there is a pictorial story illustrated with drawings and paintings and utilising collage technique. The theme is the fate of the wingless human being who is bound to earth. Fastened with a plaited string and a stick. Material: lithograph, wallpaper, cardboard, string, stick. - Numbered copy, No. 2/3. Signed by the artist.

Brio cell : Angelography (1994)

Postal art. - Compiled by Jukka Lehmus. - An excerpt from an invitation which Jukka Lehmus sent to selected artists: "You are invited to send texts, diagrams, references and abstracts for infusion. Please send work in 20 copies. Every participant receives one portfolio of "Brio Cell". - Brio Cell is a "continuous visual poetry portfolio project". - The work is a portfolio consisting of the works of nine artists of different nationalities.

Dickhoff, Synnöve

Kuljettu matka I (The Distance Travelled I) (2002)
The covers of the book are made of the black velvet of the hem of a Romany woman. The cover is decorated with the signs of wear in a fabric. The pages of the book are made of tissue paper which has been made to look old. No pictures and no text. - The Distance Travelled series includes 18 unique works.

Eerola, Esko

Nousu vuorelle II (Ascent to a Mountain II) (1996)
The work is an accordion book. On the pages of the work there are ink paintings from the sacred mountain Taisan in China. Covers made of green silk. - Unique copy.
www.viapori.fi/~esko.eerola/index.htm

Fib, Tizzi

Hora (1998);
Inside a small, round cardboard box there is an accordion book sized 2.5 x 165 cm. - Hora is a Romanian circle dance. - The book is printed letterpress, typeset by hand.
Tizzi Fib was born in Rumania, but is living and working in Finland.

Fib, Tizzi

Odottamassa jonossa (Queueing and Waiting) (1998)
Inside a small, round cardboard box there is a rolled sheet of 3 x 261 cm. - Typeset by hand, lino figures (numbers and letters). - Gravure paper, letterpress method.
www.bookarts.uwe.ac.uk/2uaih06.htm

Giacomelli, Petra

Poika (A Boy) (2003);
The work is part of the series Chronicles, which depict the wars, upheavals and refugees of the 20th century through ancestors and various literary 'kinships' as a story without words. - On both sides of a book which has been prepared as a ground for painting there are old pictures of military life and of a wounded soldier on a hospital bed. - Mixed technique, material: old press photos, clippings from a Latin-Finnish dictionary, lacquered paint. – Unique copy.
Petra Giacomelli was born in Finland, but lives and wokrs in Italy.

Iivonen, Jenni

Taskulampi nro 31 (Pocket Pond No 31) (2000);
The miniature size work consists of two pieces of wood which have been fastened together with a buckram binding. Inside the work there is a gouache with a fox motif. “The idea of this book is, that you keep it closed in your pocket, When you are feeling sad, you can take the book and look at the picture inside it, and you will feel yourself calm.” (Jenni Iivonen). - Unique copy.

Isomaa, Eeva-Liisa

Muisto (Memory) (1994);
The book contains photographs which the artist has taken in her native place Ylitornio. The photos have been proofed on campi paper. The technique is gravure on polymer plate. A hand-bound work in a case. - Numbered copy, No. 1/5.</p>

Jämsä, Martti

Silma näkee, muisti koskettaa (Eyes Sees, Memory Touches) (2006);
Accordion book. – Black-and-white pictures in a case of white cardboard. – Hand made, numbered copy, ex. 2/5. – Signed by the artist.

Kangas, Olof

Försvunna brev I (Lost Letters I) (2004);
The work has the form of an accordion book. - Overall colour dark blue. The theme is "bygone days" in letters. Material: Painted cardboard, pictures, coloured papers and parts of envelopes, cloth bands. - Unique copy, signed by the artist.

Katainen, Arja

Korttipakka (Card Deck) (2008)
Card Deck is a hand-bound open-spined book that has been made of old playing cards. The cards have been processed with mixed technique by painting, drawing and scraping. Out of the deck, bound as a book, four spreads open with pairs of kings and queens. On the front and back cover of the book there is a picture of the jester. – Unique copy, signed by the artist.

Kärkkäinen, Reijo

Money Tox (2003)
Accordion book. - Serigraph, 5-coloured. Published by Le Dernier Cri, Marseille. - An edition of 200 copies.
www.lederniercri.org

Louhio, Liisa

Seheradzade (Scheherazade) (2005)
The work is in a case with grey lid. – Water colour wood carvings as a book.
"‘Scheherazade’ is hand printed with wood carving technique and hand bound. The name of the work refers to the storyteller of A Thousand and One Nights and is connected to oriental tale tradition, where every story has a clue to the next story. There are no words in the book and it is not a comic book. You can even change the direction of reading." (Liisa Louhio). – Edition 5 copies, of which this is ex. 2/5.

Merenmies, Elina

Ilmanpain (2000)
The theme of the work is frightening pictures of a nuclear holocaust. The book is inside a folded sheet (29 x 76 cm).- Published by Le Dernier Cri, Marseille. - An edition of 200 copies.

Mikkonen, Sirkku

Tähtilipun alla (Under the Star-spangled Banner) (2002)
The form of the work is a book which can be opened, but the pages cannot be browsed. Mixed technique. The material of the work includes pictures clipped from newspapers. The subject is 11 September 2001. - Inside there is a red leaf of a tree in a niche. A red silk band is fastened to the front cover. - From the series Kuiskauksia ja huutoja (Cries and Whispers). - A unique copy, signed SM 02.

Neuvonen, Leena

MINähÄN : yksityisiä keskusteluja [luottamuksella] (I&HiM : Private Conversations [confidential] ) (2006)
“The work is a visualisation of conversations with a close friend. My book follows literally several discussions that took place with the same person.” (Leena Neuvonen) – Realised with mixed techniques to a hand bound book by Jane Rannamets in 1999, black leather covers, hood and tassels. – Unique copy, signed by the artist.

Nollapiste : runoja = Nulpunt : gedichte (Zero Point : poems) (2004)

Osmo Jokinen (1938-1985) was a Finnish journalist, poet and cultural personality, whose Zero Point, published in 1964, is a classic of Finnish avant garde poetry: a book without a single word, only full stops. – Graphic design of the new edition: Martien Frijns.

Rantasuo, Elina

Melkein kotona (Almost at Home) (2009)
Between the covers five pictures. – Waxed, copy printed drawings and photographs on Nepali paper. - “My book consists of five pictures; in the middle one a sleeping girl in a chair. The other pages can be turned to cover the girl. The work reminds me of the lost childhood home, the beauty of the archipelago, sleeptalking and quiet, peaceful life.” (Elina Rantasuo)

Reichstein, Alexander

Skutsnaja kniga = The boring book : No 1 (2006)
“The idea for this book is to show the similarity between dull architecture and boring bureaucratic forms and letterheads etc. The forms have been filled up by drawing windows and other architectural details into the tables, so that each form represents a building. The collages have been pasted on the half-transparent tracing film to create the feeling and perspective of a city shrouded in smog. The book is based on Russian forms from different periods and the city image created in the book is definitely Russian. Finnish, German and English “boring books” will follow” (Alexander Reichstein)
www.reichstein.name/boring.html
Alexander Reichstein was born on Moscow, but lives and works in Finland.

Rinne, Cia

Zaroum. (2001)
Lettrism and picture poems. - Languages: English, French, Italian and German. - Numbered copy, No. 236/1000.
With roots in continental, concrete and visual typewriter poetry and modernistic book art, Rinne explores (in a playful, tactile, and unruly manner) the sonorous and visual particle-constellations in the physical space of the book spread. In microscopic examinations of idioms and clichés, philosophical reflections and wordplay, by means of minimal language and typographical shifts, Rinne produces original mutations in a space where languages such as English, French, German, Italian constantly cross over in algorithmic processes, interweave.

Rope, Jenni

Wednesday (2003)
The work is a flip book. - The idea is to browse fast through the pages to create an illusion of moving pictures. - Connected with the exhibition Flip : taskukokoisia tarinoita = pocket-sized stories, Pori Art Museum between 3 September and 23 November 2003.

Simpura, Katarina

Kirjeitä (Letters) (2007)
An old-looking wooden box, treated dark brown. Picture theme on the cover is Jan Vermeer’s Woman in Blue Reading a Letter. – Dyed gauze inside the lid. Inside the box there are hand-dyed pieces of paper with suggestive Swedish text. – Unique piece of art, signed by the artist.

Vellonen, Senja

Koivut syysyössä (Birches in Autumn Night) (1990)
The covers of the book are of birch bark, on the leaves painted dark grey there are six small watercolours with birch theme. Pairs of leaves have been attached with thread. – Hand bound. – Unique piece of art, signed by the artist.

Viljanen, Magi

Sirkus Bombay (Circus Bombay) (1995)
The work consists of separate photos in a folder. Around the folder is a cotton string. Printed on handmade Indian paper. - Unique copy.

Virtanen, Susanna

Lemmityt (Sweethearts) (2002)
Original photographs from the album of the artist's grandmother in the 1930s. - Mixed technique, graphic paper. - Flyleaves and the jacket of the brown cardboard covers made of Nepalese paper. The inside of the covers made of black cloth. Hand-bound with linen string. - Diploma work at the department of graphic design at the University of Art and Design in 2001. - The texts have been set and printed by hand in the letterpress workshop of the University of Art and Design. - Numbered copy, No. 10/14. - Signed by the artist.

Zweygberg, Eija

Salaisuutemme (Our Secret) (2000)
A book bound in the covers of Kersti Bergroth's "Our Secret". The pages are made of papier-mâché made of sketching paper and feathers. On the pages there are wax figures which have been drawn at random with the brush. - The work is part of an installation called "The Butterfly." “I open the covers and give them new, blank pages. Tabula rasa. I want them to flutter open as the wings of a butterfly. Into the pulp made of sketch paper I throw white feathers” (Eija Zweygberg).- Unique copy.



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Report of second presentation [in]visible-project

The start of 2nd presentation Saturday 5th of September in the afternoon was visited by about 35 people. It turned out to be a pleasant and instructive afternoon with room enough for having nice conversations.

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Peter Dejong has put some of his representative bookworks on the green writing-desk, whereby the boundaries of the medium could be defined closely: is it still a book or another kind of object. For example a series of slips of paper containing drawings and texts about the human frame were connected with eachother. The sequence is in such a way that a body will be formed automatically. In another object a number of strips of paper can be placed in a small drawer. When they come together at the right time theoretically it must be possible to read a logical text. There is a comparison with a combination lock: the contents will give itself only when the right combination has been formed. The installation ‘ik/jij’(‘me/you’) has been created in order to have two people dealing with one book at the same time. Standing on a footstool one can stand opposite eachother and turn the pages. When this will be done simultaneously a total view can be created: the complete human body can be examined page by page. Each of two persons can take part of the contents. Together they can explore the whole. So in fact they communicate by the book itself. Bringing the idea literally on a higher level. Because of this raised platform – 2 people have to carry out a conscious act – they litterally are standing in the middle of attention. The artist conducts the audience into the place where he wants them to have. So it won’t be a spontaneous happening at all.


For this occasion Frans Baake is showing more or less his complete works. About 60 titles of books made in a period of more than 28 years are placed on several large tables. Together they form a 4 square metre-sized island of books. A large puzzle because all the covers of the books have been put against eachother at random. All editions may be taken in hands (there are no gloves, in Baake’s opinion books eventually are things of use. Possible damages will be taken into the bargain), looked at and be replaced. All this without further explanation. For some people this is the first time to explore his works. For others this is an excellent opportunity to examine it all in a broader view. This Saturday afternoon, in connection with the investigations of the project, a certain attitude against books can be noticed. One of the walls of the Archives contains all pages of the booklet ‘Fleuve’ (‘Stream’), numbered piles of a bridge placed on St. Lawrence River, Montréal. Most empty sheets are stapled against wooden laths.


Coming from Finland a part of the Artists’ Books collection from Rikhardinkatu Library in Helsinki can be examined. Emmi Martin, who is in charge as a librarian, willingly gives an explanation to all shown books and bookobjects. Most of the collection exists of works made by Finnish artists. Often the books are unique objects, just one of a kind whereby the forms differ from common books. The shape forms a basis for the creating of objects. In this way accordeon books will be shown, as well as books that can be rolled out. The contents will manifest itself when rolled out from one side to another. Books and booklets of several sizes and made out of different materials may be looked at and touched (with gloves because they’re all expensive works of art), but you might as well consider them as objects. For this occasion the books will not be shown in glass show-cases as in the library but traditionally placed on tables. Graphic designer Martien Frijns shows his presence this Saturday afternoon. He redesigned a new edition of a book entitled: ‘Nollapiste’ (‘Zero point’), based on the concepts of Finnish journalist Osmo Jokinen in 1964. Martien Frijns was inspired by this book and created a new version with an explanation in Dutch and an translation in Finnish.


Olof Kangas is showing a selection of his bookworks – all unique objects – on a table. Olof usually uses already existing old and rare books. He gives them a new life because of his authentic adds. ‘Re-inbiblio’ as he calls it himself. Pages will be teared into pieces, cut and transformed in all kinds of ways. Sometimes the book contains an opening, creating a vista into another bookobject. The colour blue regularly appears in his works. ‘Blue secrets’ for example is the title of a book. Also themes like jazz music (“Can you tell me where the Bimhuis is?”) gratefully will be worked up into bookobjects.